Tourism refers to what people do when traveling and stays to sleep in places that are different from their own (that is, when people temporarily move away from their homes). These activities are usually for fun or rest, and are developed for a period of consecutive time that is less than a year.
Rural , on the other hand, is an adjective linked to the own or referring to the field . The rural environment is opposite to the urban area and includes the working earth, the crops and the fields.
It is known as rural tourism , therefore , to the typical activity of tourism that takes place in a rural environment , either in small towns (with less than 2,000 inhabitants) or in the areas near the cities but far from its urban center .
One type of tourism we are addressing that has experienced significant growth in recent years due to several causes. One of them is, without a doubt, the need that the citizens of a large city has to get away from their stressful life when they can enjoy a vacationm and wants to experimentpeace, relaxation, and an absolute break from traffic, noise and pollution.
Another of the most important causes that have made rural tourism grow has been the economic crisis that is affecting the whole world. Rural tourism is usually less expensive than another kinds of tourism. In particular it allows to enjoy in family a few days of rest investing very little money.
The ranchs, the haciendas and the hamlets are remodeled and restructured to make it able to receive the tourists. The comfort of guests, therefore, is guaranteed.
Rural tourism is usually managed and tended by the owners of the fields or the ranches. These owners usually show the visitor the agricultural activities that are typical of rural life.
It is common for rural tourism to promote a rapprochement between the inhabitants of the cities and the peasant communities . While the tourists enjoy the natural environment and learn about the work of the countryside, the receiving communities benefit by receiving the income generated by the tourist activity.
Agrotourism , holiday tourism , ecotourism and ethnotourism are some of the modalities that, according to their characteristics, can be included in rural tourism.
The first of these modalities, agrotourism, it is important to emphasize that it has been growing and experiencing a great acceptance among travelers. Not only does it allow them to enjoy natural areas of great beauty but also to participate actively in the areas where they are staying as they are offered the opportunity to collaborate with the local inhabitants in what are the various agricultural and livestock activities that lead to cape.
In this way, they learn to cultivate, care for animals, craft products and cook traditional recipes. Not forgetting also that they can enjoy doing outdoor activities such as riding horses or practice adventure sports.